By Dominic Montserrat
The pharaoh Akhenaten, who governed Egypt within the mid-fourteenth century BCE, has been the topic of extra hypothesis than the other personality in Egyptian historical past. This provocative new biography examines either the genuine Akhenaten and the myths which were created round him. It scrutinises the historical past of the pharaoh and his reign, which has been consistently written in Eurocentric phrases inapplicable to old Egypt, and the archaeology of Akhenaten's capital urban, Amarna. It is going directly to discover the pharaoh's impressive cultural afterlife, and how he has been invoked to validate every little thing from psychoanalysis to racial equality to Fascism.
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Additional info for Akhenaten: History, Fantasy and Ancient Egypt
4 Map of ancient Akhet-aten and the area of modern Amarna HISTORIES OF AKHENATEN Aten temple in the centre of the city. The entire city was thus defined spatially as a temple to the Aten on a colossal scale. Akhet-aten was the site of the Aten's creation and his perpetual rebirth which maintains the cosmos, and all that the Aten created was contained within its boundaries. The city's religious and ceremonial architecture was planned to accommodate changing beliefs and the rituals and ceremonies that went with them.
Akhet-aten was also equipped with the administrative buildings needed to run a bureaucracy. Reliefs in the rock-cut tombs of Akhenaten's courtiers, clustered together in two groups at the northern and southern edges of the site, give a sense of how they might have looked. These carvings show Akhet-aten's civil and domestic buildings, including parts of the palaces, and religious/ritual events, such as royal processions through the city and appearances on the palace balconies to reward officials.
Apart from some time with such a tutor, Akhenaten's education and preparation for kingship could have included a spell as a priest at Memphis, like his older brother, or at Heliopolis if Djehutmose was still alive. 44 Other royal heirs of the New Kingdom had similar educations. The first explicit mention of the future Akhenaten is on the seal of a jar, once containing food supplied to the palace built specially for Amunhotep Ill's sedfestival celebrations (his so-called 'jubilee'). The sed-festival had ancient origins, going back over a millennium, but had been revived by Amunhotep III in its full glory to suggest the magnificent celebrations of earlier times.
Akhenaten: History, Fantasy and Ancient Egypt by Dominic Montserrat