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By George F. Luger, William A Stubblefield

ISBN-10: 0136070477

ISBN-13: 9780136070474

AI Algorithms, facts buildings, and Idioms in Prolog, Lisp, and Java

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Additional info for AI algorithms, data structures, and idioms in Prolog, Lisp, and Java

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Path matches 2, X=4, Y=3, L is [4,9,2,7,6,1] move(4, Z) matches Z = 3, not(member(…)) true, call path(3, 3, [3,4,9,2,7,6,1]) path(3, 3, [3,4,9,2,7,6,1]) attempts 1, true, 3=3 The recursive path call then returns yes for each of its calls. In summary, the recursive path call is a shell or general control structure for search in a graph: in path(X, Y, L), X is the present state; Y is the goal state. When X and Y are identical, the recursion terminates. L is the list of states on the current path towards state Y, and as each new state Z is found with the call move(X, Z) it is placed on front of the list: [Z | L].

Lisp provides a powerful set of list-handling functions implemented internally as linked pointer structures. Lisp gives programmers the full power and generality of linked data structures while freeing them, with real-time garbage collection, from the responsibility for explicitly managing pointers and pointer operations. Originally, Lisp was a compact language, consisting of functions for constructing and accessing lists (car, cdr, cons), defining new functions (defun), detecting equality (eq), and evaluating expressions (quote, eval).

If they don’t, the interpreter goes on to the next specification. , no variable substitution satisfies it, then it backs up looking for other variable bindings for the predicates it has already satisfied. For example, using the predicate specifications of our current example, the query friends(george, susie) is unified with the conclusion of the rule friends(X, Y) :- likes(X, Z), likes(Y, Z), with X as george and Y as susie. The interpreter looks for a Z such that likes(george, Z) is true and uses the first fact, with Z as kate.

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AI algorithms, data structures, and idioms in Prolog, Lisp, and Java by George F. Luger, William A Stubblefield


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