By James B. Freeman
Whilst, if ever, is one justified in accepting the premises of a controversy? what's the right criterion of premise acceptability? supplying a entire conception of premise acceptability, this publication solutions those questions from an epistemological technique that the writer calls "common experience foundationalism". His paintings should be of curiosity to experts in casual common sense, severe pondering and argumentation thought in addition to to a broader diversity of philosophers and people instructing rhetoric.
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Additional info for Acceptable Premises: An Epistemic Approach to an Informal Logic Problem
Any statement constitutes a justifying reason as long as it remains unchallenged. At each moment the task is to meet the challenges that are being made at this time. Therefore, as long as some premise remains unchallenged it need not be justiﬁed” (1971, p. 164). An unchallenged premise is acceptable until or unless it is challenged. We may agree that this is what acceptability means from the proponent’s point of view. But when we ask whether a premise is acceptable, we are not in general asking that question of a premise in an argument we are putting forward.
Of course, it is quite possible for one and the same person to play several roles in a dialectical situation. A challenger may have a thesis of his or her own to present and defend. We call such situations dialectical because they display three salient features. First, they involve conﬂict or opposition. The challengers do not simply, passively accept what the proponents are saying. Second, the participants seek to critically resolve some issue. By raising and entertaining critical questions about the theses presented and their justiﬁcation, by seeking the ruling of a rational adjudicator, the participants are putting these theses to a rational test.
Does the mere contingent lack of a challenge render a statement acceptable? Wellman addresses this point when he says, Reﬂect for a moment on all the beliefs that you hold and that you feel rationally justiﬁed in continuing to hold. Now imagine yourself justifying them one by one by appealing to unchallengeable premises. . It is hard to imagine oneself fully justifying even a single interesting belief. At best, one’s supply of indubitable premises is too small to justify one’s conclusions. (1971, pp.
Acceptable Premises: An Epistemic Approach to an Informal Logic Problem by James B. Freeman