A Companion to the Latin Language by James Clackson PDF

By James Clackson

ISBN-10: 1405186054

ISBN-13: 9781405186056

A better half to the Latin Language provides a set of unique essays from overseas students that music the improvement and use of the Latin language from its origins to its modern-day usage.

  • Brings jointly contributions from the world over popular classicists, linguists and Latin language specialists
  • Offers, in one quantity, a close account of alternative literary registers of the Latin language
  • Explores the social and political contexts of Latin
  • Includes new bills of the Latin language in mild of contemporary linguistic theory
  • Supplemented with illustrations protecting the advance of the Latin alphabet
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Additional info for A Companion to the Latin Language

Example text

The spelling of /kw/ by means of Q is probably to be seen as a simplification of QV. 18 We might then recognize several sub-systems for the spelling for the velars: (1a): CI, CE, KA, KO, QV (Forum inscription); (1b) CI, CE, KA, QO, QV (Kavidios inscription); (2a) CI, CE, CA, CO, Q (Duenos inscription); etc. , Giacomelli (1963) text 1: soc[iai] “friend,” ceres “Ceres,” arcentelom “of silver,” porded “offered,” karai “dear,” f[if]iqod “made,” eqo “I” = CI, CE, KA, QO, (QV); Giacomelli (1963) text 2: eco “I,” quton “drinking cup” = CO, QV; Giacomelli (1963) text 3: sociai “friend,” kaios “Gaius,” kapena “Capena,” kalketia “Calcetia” = CI, KA, KE; Giacomelli (1963) text 4: eko “I,” kaisiosio “Caesius” = KA, KO.

14 This diversity of spelling makes sense if it is viewed as an attempt to carry over into Latin the southern Etruscan orthographic convention whereby /k/ was spelled by means of the so-called C/K/Q-rule. g. 1). ” As can be seen from the transcriptions, the Etruscan rule was generalized in Latin to include the stops /g/ and /kw/, sounds that were not present in the Etruscan inventory. And there was an additional twist: the letter K was written before O as well as A. ) Borrowing from an Etruscan source provides some rationale for the spelling of the velar stops in other Very Old Latin inscriptions as well.

23 The former is problematic because the inscription is interpreted by some as Etruscan; the latter because some consider the gold fibula and its inscription of questionable authenticity. If these items are part of the Latin corpus, – and I am inclined to think they should be included – the date at which the Latin alphabet was adopted must be somewhere in the first half of the seventh century BCE. If they are rejected, the date of borrowing could be as low as c. 650–625 BCE. The paucity of Latin inscriptions that can be assigned to the seventh century BCE and our inability to date them very accurately make it impossible to say much that is substantive about the point of origin and the diffusion of the alphabet in Latium.

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